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Know about Malaysia Constitution: Constituency Delineation


The following four criteria are set out in the 13th Schedule to the Constitution:

1. Constituencies should not across state boundaries while state constituencies should avoid, as fapossible, crossing the boundaries of federal constituencies;

2. There should be adequate administrative facilities in a constituency to support registrtion and polling;

3. The number of electors should be roughly equal except that weightage may be given to ‘rural constituencies” which may be ‘less than one-half’ of urban constituencies. The Constitution nowhere defines what a rural or urban constituencies is. The matter is left to the Elections Commission. The number of constituencies in each state should bear approximately the same relationship to all federal constituencies as the State’s population bear to the Federation’s total population;

4. Consideration should be given to the inconveniences attendant on constituency alteration and to the maintenance of local ties.

** Objections from 100 or more registered elections of the reviewed constituency, the Commission must hold a local enquiry.

Question: The Elections Commission (EC) said a two-thirds majority was required in parliament or state assemblies to approve new constituency re-delineation or expand the number of seats.

The constitution says only more than 50% is needed.

Any legal expert please help to clarify on this issue.

Redelineation Of Electoral Boundaries Based On Number Of Voters In Area – Najib

KUALA LUMPUR, Nov 25 (Bernama) — Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak said the redelineation of electoral boundaries by the Election Commission is carried out based on the number of voters in a particular location.

Najib said the determination was in line with the principles and procedures of redelineation as contained in Schedule 13, Parts I and II of the Federal Constitution.

“In implementing redelineation of the election constituencies, the EC will look at the overall boundaries throughout the country without focusing on a particular constituency only,” he said in a written reply to Loke Siew Fook (DAP-Rasah) at the Dewan Rakyat sitting Thursday.

Loke wanted to know the difference in the ratio on rural weightage given to a rural parliamentary constituency compared to the urban constituency as well as the measures taken by the EC to ensure a balance in the number of voters in all constituencies in future redelineation exercises.

He said the criteria for a Parliamentary constituency in town was that it had more than 60,000 voters, with an area of between eight and 49 square kilometres while the number of voters in a state constituency in the urban area was more than 25,000.

For the suburban category, he said, the area must be between 50 and 250 square kilometres with the number of voters for a Parliamentary constituency between 30,000 and 59,000 while the number of voters for a state constituency was between 15,000 and 24,000.

For rural and interior areas, the size of the area must be less than 250 sq kilometres with the number of voters for the Parliamentary constituency being less than 30,000 while the number of voters in the state constituency must be below 15,000.

However, the determination of these constituencies did not include those in the Federal Territories of Putrajaya and Labuan.

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