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Stop using UN until BN government signs all UN human rights conventions

What not PDRM also argued that beating peaceful protesters also a UN-approved standard in Utusan.

UN does not have a standard on irritants

THE United Nations in Malaysia refers to “Police: Tear gas used at rally safe, UN-approved’” (The Star, May 7). The UN has consistently condemned the excessive use of force, including through the use of tear gas.

The UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression after his mission to Israel and Occupied Palestinian Territories in December 2011 noted that “while the use of tear gas to disperse a crowd may be legitimate under certain circumstances, tear gas canisters should never be fired directly at demonstrators”.

Unlike what was alleged in the article, the UN does not set international standards on different kinds of irritants, nor has the UN approved “CS Gas” as a “riot control” agent.

As far as the use of force is concerned, the relevant UN instrument is the Basic Principles on the use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, which was adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders in 1990, not the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993.

The Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials states in part:

> Governments and law enforcement agencies should develop a range of means as broad as possible and equip law enforcement officials with various types of weapons and ammunition that would allow for a differentiated use of force and firearms.

These should include the development of non-lethal incapacitating weapons for use in appropriate situations, with a view to increasingly restraining the application of means capable of causing death or injury to persons.

> The development and deployment of non-lethal incapacitating weapons should be carefully evaluated in order to minimise the risk of endangering uninvolved persons, and the use of such weapons should be carefully controlled.

> Law enforcement officials, in carrying out their duty, shall, as far as possible, apply non-violent means before resorting to the use of force and firearms.

They may use force and firearms only if other means remain ineffective or without any promise of achieving the intended result.

> Whenever the lawful use of force and firearms is unavoidable, law enforcement officials shall:

a) Exercise restraint in such use and act in proportion to the seriousness of the offence and the legitimate objective to be achieved;

b) Minimise damage and injury, and respect and preserve human life;

b) Ensure that assistance and medical aid are rendered to any injured or affected persons at the earliest possible moment; and

d) Ensure that relatives or close friends of the injured or affected person are notified at the earliest possible moment.

> Exceptional circumstances such as internal political instability or any other public emergency may not be invoked to justify any departure from these basic principles.

Dr LIN MUI KIANG,
United Nations Coordination Specialist, Malaysia.

The nkkhoo.com comment board with Facebook account.
JT Onn says:

Rejim BN sekejam rejim Zionist?
TV1 can make that parallel?
Would such 2 picture appear side-by-side on Utusan?

Victini says:

Tun M said the ‘pejuang palestin’ (known elsewhere as terrorists) got the right to be suicide bombers agaisnt the Israel state. He also said the 911 twin tower collapse was due to bomb planted inside by regim yahudi. Soon this will be studied by our students in our Sejarah syllabus.