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Chinese article:: Corruption is reinforcing a government?

南方朔‧貪腐有助於鞏固政權?
2013-07-06 11:03

貪腐對社會有害,卻讓政客得利,因為貪腐是讓政權更鞏固的黏著劑。人們都知道,政府乃是最大的購買者與服務的賣者,政府有無數公共工程要招標,每年有很多採購契約在進行,每天又有許多公共服務在出售。政府的這種角色,由於涉及太多利益,因此它乃是貪腐的源頭。

當代學者和平民百姓,已知道貪腐的弊病。當有了貪腐,政府的工程採購就會溢價,用超過的價錢買到較差的工程;甚至會買到偷工減料的豆腐渣工程,危害公眾利益。

當政府向人民出售服務,貪腐也會使人民必須支付較大的成本,最後轉嫁到人民身上。貪腐造成的溢價效應,會造成政府財政惡化。因為企業必須多支付貪腐成本,企業的競爭力即會減弱。

貪腐由於違背了公平透明的正義原則,它會蛀壞一個社會的可信任度和政府的品質,這也是全球一致反貪的原因。不過,現在雖然全球都在反貪,但貪腐未但不見減少,反而有更多國家在擴大貪腐,努力地為貪污除罪化,這等於是在擴大貪腐。

這是甚麼道理?為了搞清楚這個問題,我們可能必須回頭去讀近當代美國芝加哥大學著名學者艾爾斯特(Jon Elster)的名著《社會黏合劑:社會秩序的研究》。該書中指出,貪腐雖然有大害,但對某些統治者,它有時候卻的確是有用的,正因為貪腐有用,所以有時候政治人物反而需要利用貪腐!

貪腐有時候是有用的:

一、艾爾斯特教授說,如果一個社會有人貪腐,有人不貪腐,那個不貪腐的人就會吃虧。當大家都貪腐,大家都進入了那個貪腐結構,當全都成了負,就會負負得正,每個人都可以分享到貪腐的好處。貪腐會形成貪腐下的公平。

二、政府的出售服務乃是貪腐源頭之一,對於一個沒有效率、法治又爛的政府,如果沒有貪腐,大家都會被沒有效率害到;如果有了貪腐,那個肯送紅包的人,就會得到很多便利,因此貪腐賄賂的人可以得到效率上的好處。

這也意謂著,貪汙及用錢買到特權是可以促進選擇性的效率的。早年我在貿易公司上過班,當年海關提貨效率極差,總要個7天半個月,但若送個紅包,3天就可以搞定,這就是貪污有利於效率的原因。(星洲日報/言路‧作者:南方朔‧台灣著名時事評論人)

http://opinions.sinchew.com.my/node/29205?tid=10

The nkkhoo.com comment board with Facebook account.
Soy says:

A Beijing court has sentenced China’s former minister of railways Liu Zhijun to death, with a two-year reprieve, for bribery and abuse of power, China’s state media reported on Monday, ending one of the country’s highest-profile corruption cases in years.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/08/liu-zhijun-sentenced-death-corruption

I think we should apply the same law for the offenders in PKFZ scandal (Ex-Transport Minister must be peeing on his pants to read this).

nkkhoo says:

All cabinet members have to be hang if we follow China.

Shukri says:

Zahid patut buat lawatan sambil belajar ke negara China untuk mengetahui bagaimana rasuah boleh di hukum mati.

nkkhoo says:

Tax evasion can be punished to dead sentence several years ago.

jessebell says:

Corruption may soon breed beyond control.
For example, now you need to pay under table to secure a condo unit before actual launch to guarantee one.
Now, you may see young boys/girls “bribing” McDonald stuff to get the Happy Meals toys (Despicable Me 2 Minions) ! Not sure you see this at McD Cheras but i bet you will soon see such happenings soon.

Jozan says:

Utusan has warned not to create bloodshed like in Cairo now with spring this spring that; forgeting that now leading to UMNO election many “belakang tikam” already happening just no blood seen becoz of internal bleeding – this is not wayang wayang sandiwara !

Sabri says:

BN always tells us not to comapre with other countries.
So why should they compare the reformasi movement here with that in Mesir?

Sanil says:

It is reality the UMNO run Government has not taken fighting corruption seriously; UMNO is full of money politics which determines who stay in power. If you raise cows in Condo using people money and yet get away for it, it is not perception.

nkkhoo says:

The corruption problem is more serious than the cow apartment if you are an insider in UMNO circle.

Sanil says:

The latest survey by Transparency International showed that police and political parties were perceived to be the two most corrupted institutions. Even a kindergarten kid knows how corrupted the UMNO and BN government is!!!

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/malaysians-see-cops-politicians-as-most-corrupted/

Wee Chin says:

国家养牛公司弊案: 充公资产不足填债, 政府将有可能蒙受1亿6300万令吉的损失!

G Dragon Bang says:

White Hair the cunningly brilliant politikus only foreign intelligence can ever expose the rot from bottom to top of corrupted iceberg; and along the way sacrificial lamb-chops to safeguard the official secret akta-akta ????

黃子 says:

马来西亚反贪会只是敢对付手无寸铁的百姓,面对大鳄就脚软!
谁敢拔泰益玛目的白毛?
祈求上天吧!大马包公还未出世呢!

nkkhoo says:

Sarawak BN politicians cross over to PR may topple BN federal government.

PR should openly rejecting white hair and hopping from any Sarawak BN politician for Najib to take action against him.

PR is guilty as BN to allow white hair running wild in Sarawak.

jeff says:

What incentive for BN flers in Sarawak to defect when they are well provided for?

Nothing will change if Sarawakians themselves are still voting for BN.

nkkhoo says:

Anwar will offer them better package.

Wee Chin says:

国际透明组织马来西亚分会公布的2013年国际贪污趋势指数显示,我国民众相信政­府有效打击贪污的印象指数,从2011年的百分之49,下降到2013年的百分之31­,暴跌了百分之18。另外,民调也显示,民众认为,警方是受贿最多的机构。

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BOeIDxLi_n4&feature=c4-overview-vl&list=PL4HkeIKM2z5Iqu5vQkUWHAgieRPU-ccv7