Categories

Login

Industrial Waste >>>

A poser to Federal and Penang state governments why Jinko Solar manufacturing facility can be approved without EIA report ?

Today days lapsed for no reply from DOE: 8 days
The reply from DOE.

Perkara di atas adalah dirujuk.

2. Pihak Ibu Pejabat, Jabatan Alam Sekitar (JAS) terlebih dahulu mengucapkan berbanyak terima kasih di atas perhatian tuan mengenai isu-isu alam sekitar kemungkinan berlaku dari cadangan kilang Jinko Solar Technology Sdn. Bhd. di peringkat kilang beroperasi kelak. Dalam hubungan ini, pihak kilang telah mengemukakan permohonan Penilaian Awal Tapak (PAT) kepada JAS Pulau Pinang pada 5 Februari 2015 dan maklumat-maklumat yang dikemukakan mendapati cadangan kilang tersebut akan ditempatkan di kawasan industri berat iaitu di Kawasan Perindustrian Perai , Seberang Perai Tengah, Pulau Pinang. Penempatan di kawasan industri berat adalah sesuai kerana mempunyai jarak penampan yang mencukupi ke kawasan perumahan terdekat. Cadangan kilang tersebut adalah untuk menghasilkan produk photovoltaic solar dan photovoltaic modules.

3. Untuk makluman tuan juga, berdasarkan kepada bidangkuasa perundangan JAS sebagaimana yang diperuntukkan dalam Akta Kualiti Alam Sekeliling 1974, cadangan aktiviti kilang bagi pengeluaran produk tersebut tidak tertakluk kepada keperluan kajian EIA. Justeru laporan EIA tidak perlu disediakan oleh pihak kilang. Namun pihak kilang Jinko Solar Technology Sdn. Bhd. masih perlu mematuhi peraturan-peraturan lain yang ditetapkan di bawah Akta tersebut bagi memastikan tindakan pencegahan dan kawalan diambil dengan berkesan ke atas sebarang pelepasan pencemar udara,efluen, bunyi bising dan bahan-bahan buangan terjadual dari kilang sebagaimana yang termaktub dalam Akta tersbut.

4. Di samping itu, pihak JAS diperingkat operasi akan melaksanakan pemantauan ke atas kilang tersebut bagi memastikan pihak kilang mematuhi perundangan JAS dan JAS tidak teragak-agak akan mengambil tindakan penguatkuasaan yang sewajarnya ke atas kilang sekiranya pihak kilang tidak mematuhi perundangan di bawah Akta Alam Sekeliling 1974.

My request to DOE for a EIA report for Jinko factory on 30 June 2015.

perkara: Request EIA report for Jinko Solar Factory in Penang
Keterangan:

Dear Sir/Madam,

I have studied Jinko Solar’s pollution case in China and followed up its set up in Penang. As a rakyat who cares about environmental issue and health of our people. I do not satisfy with the answer given by Penang Chief Minister, Lim Guan Eng that no EIA is required for the factory set up because DOE has never asked for EIA study.

In my study, a solar panel factory is discharging various hazardous chemical compounds, (http://www.nkkhoo.com/2015/06/28/a-poser-to-malaysia-and-penang-state-government-why-the-same-company-jinko-solar-manufacturing-facility-can-be-approved-without-eia-report/).

A poser to DOE and Penang state government, how do you make sure the chemical compounds are properly treated before discharging into river or sea.

Please share with me the EIA report to convince me that there is no potential chemical pollution caused by Jinko factory.

Regards,
nkkhoo
www.nkkhoo.com

Jinko solar-panel factory in Haining city, China was shut down in Sept 2011 by the Chinese local government after the leaking pollutants have polluting a nearby river due to improper storage of waste containing flouride.

A violent protest by hundreds of local residents has forced the authorities to shut down operation of the factory temporarily.

AFP news with the title “Everyone is angry beyond belief” on 19 Sept, 2011 has reported that Haining’s city government said tests had shown the factory was emitting excessive levels of fluoride, which can be toxic in high doses, as it announced the temporary shutdown. “(We) ordered the company to halt production and overhaul the production procedures that involve emission of waste gas and waste water,” it said in a statement.

Photovoltaics manufacturing processes are not green and pollution free, more than ten types of toxic chemical compounds are used and produced several by-products like cadmium compounds, hydrogen chloride, trichlorosilane, carbon tetrachloride, hydrofluoric acid, nitric acid, hydrogen fluoride, sodium hydroxide, etc. See table below,

hazardous-materials-in-photovoltaics-manufacturing

According to potential hazards in PV manufacturing handbook [http://www0.bnl.gov/pv/files/pdf/art_170.pdf] published by US government, those chemical compounds have minor and critical effects on health.

For instance, cadmium compounds is linked to cancer and kidney failure critical risk and carbon tetrachloride is linked to liver and cancer risk and emission of greenhouse gas.

Each ton of photovoltaics produced in factory will release 3.5 ton trichlorosilane and 4.5 ton silicon tetrachloride.

By rough estimate, a 500MW factory will produce about 2 million panels a year or 40,000 ton panels a year. The tonnage of trichlorosilane waste alone is 140,000 ton. A few hundred thousand ton of chemical waste is produced yearly by the factory.

Where are these untreated toxic wastes go since there is no chemical waste treatment facility in Penang? They are either ship back to USA or keep in the store room permanently or discharge into sea like current practice for other factories.

In view of Jinko poor safety record in its manufacturing facility in China and various hazard chemical compounds are used and by-products produced in the manufacturing process.

Why there is no proper EIA study is conducted before build and operation approval is granted to the company. Why EIA exemption is given by the Department of Environment (DOE)?